How to Read the Periodic Table of Elements

Periodic table of elements is an arrangement of chemical elements in a form of table. It is based on their atomic number, electron configuration and their chemical properties. Invented by Dmitri Mendeleev, we have all seen a periodic table of elements with names and symbols at some or other points of our lives, but how many of us really understand it or even know how to read it?

It is mostly difficult to read and understand the table because it is very confusing. If you face such problems too, then don't worry because you are not alone. Structure and terms of periodic table are difficult for many people to read. But to make it easy, you can start by understanding and getting familiar with the structure of the periodic table which will be helpful for to you.

Once you are familiar with the structure of the periodic table with names and symbols, start to understand the elements. Try to learn their importance and usage in science. Try to follow the method of one element at one time. This way you will not feel overburdened.


How to read periodic table of elements with names and symbols?

A walk through the periodic table

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 Every row on the periodic table of elements is called a 'period'. All the elements in a periodic table have the same number of 'orbitals', and the columns are known as the 'groups'. Groups carry the similar physical and chemical properties.

This is often the point when you may lose understanding of periodic table of elements. Let's try to break the process and understand in a simple manner-


Recognition of structure of the periodic table of elements with names and symbols:

All the elements in the periodic table with names and symbols are set in their places by the atomic numbers, which increase as we move across and down the table. This way you will notice the increase in the mass of each element. Once you have recognized this minor change, you will be able to recognize the rest of the table as well. Next, move on to observing the elements and its predecessor. Now when you know how to understand the periodic table of elements with names and symbols, move next to understanding the atomic numbers that are ordered from left to right.


 Study of elements

Periodic table is all about studying the symbols. The symbols used in the periodic table of elements are the abbreviations of the element's name (which has a common standard across different languages). It is better to get familiar with these symbols as they are the core of understanding the periodic table of elements with names and symbols. Since when you are doing experiments or working with the elemental equations, you are more likely to use the symbols given to these elements.


Getting into some science

Now you know about the names and symbols of periodic table It is time to get some science started. In the last step, you find the atomic weight, determine the mass number of the element that you are studying and finally subtract the atomic number from the mass number to find the neutrons. This part sounds tricky, but is lot easier once you have successfully followed the step 1 and



3 Tips for Creating a Periodic Table of Elements with Names and Symbols

The tricky part is to create an understanding and learning the periodic table of elements with names and symbols but once you have developed a good sense and understanding for it, all gets better. Here are the three quick tips to get you started with creating your own periodic table with names and symbols-


1. Keep it basic:

Before you go on designing your periodic table, it is important to understand and remember the basics of the periodic table. The basics include knowing and remembering the names and symbols of the elements, along with the different groups and periods.


2. Layout and design:

You must have seen many layouts and countless designs for the periodic table, but the best designs are those which are easy to understand. Try to select the simple designs based on texts. For more creativity you can add some images, colors and other elements.


3. Consistency is the key:

By now you will have a good understanding of the periodic table with names and symbols. You have a good layout and design also. All you need is to maintain the consistency during the making of table. Follow the same pattern, designs, font, color scheme and spacing for all the elements.

Although, the main focus should be the accurate and up to date information.


Some of the useful additional tips are-

  • Try to use an editor which will help to build better table formats or some design software for your periodic table. This way your formatting would be easy.


  • A basic colour coding scheme cane be used to enhance your periodic table with names and symbols.


  • Have a small info guide with your table to understand the symbols and color schemes used.


  • Not but not the least, keep it simple and easy to read. Font should be kept big enough to be easily read.


The Impact of Periodic Tables with Names and Symbols

How to Read the Periodic Table  Overview & Components - Expii

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The Periodic Table with Names and Symbols is one of the most powerful tools to understand the properties of matter and elements. These tables are arranged in a way which clearly represent the patterns of chemical properties and can even be used to tell the properties of new elements that will be discovered later.  It has a large impact on the study and understanding of chemistry. Traditional periodic tables are used to display only the chemicals symbols and atomic numbers of elements. Whereas a table consisting of other details such as element name with their symbols provide additional information and benefits the viewer.

  • Some other impacts of periodic tables with names and symbols can be-
  • Better comprehension
  • Clear understanding of chemistry
  • Simple and easy connection between elements
  • Promoting interdisciplinary understanding
  • More practical applications


Is it important to learn periodic table elements?


A simple answer is, yes. Let's explore why-

A periodic table is the foundation of chemistry. It organizes the elements based on their atomic structure. It makes easier for us to understand the properties and behaviours of an element. A periodic table of element with names and symbols is the groundwork for the chemistry. For many scientists, researchers and science students, periodic table is a common language for all. By learning the elements and their symbols, you can communicate effectively. It also enhances the chemical literacy among the researchers. It allows people to make better decisions about health, environment, energy, and other science related issues. In end, learning the elements of periodic table is important for building a strong base for chemistry and various other reasons.

By- Sonali Tomar